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Q&A

  • Q
    When were the terms 'Court' and 'Prosecutor' first used in Korea?
    A
    Uigeumbu, the Special Justice Agency of the Joseon Dynasty, was renamed as Uigeumsa in 1894, and thereafter became the Court of Justice established under the Ministry of Justice. The following year, the Constitution of the Court (Law No. 1) was promulgated to introduce a modern justice system in Korea, and the term “prosecutor” was used for the first time. The justice service was divided into judges (dedicated to conducting trial proceedings) and prosecutors (dedicated to criminal investigation and prosecution).
  • Q
    What were the achievements of the first Prosecutor General?
    A

    Lee Jong-jik

    Kwon Sung-yeol was the first Prosecutor General of the Republic of Korea. He served from October 31, 1948 to June 5, 1949. It is well-known that he protected the prosecutors' independence in defiance of the contemporary regime. Kwon's chief achievements include the promulgation of the State Security Act and the Nationality Act, the introduction of an examination for deputy prosecutors, and the investigation of the leftist Minaecheong conspiracy to assassinate political elites.

  • Q
    Who was the first prosecutor?
    A
    Lee Jong-jik, An Yeong-su and Kim Ki-yong were the first Korean prosecutors, appointed in simultaneity of the enactment of the Constitution of the Court on April 25, 1895. On May 13, 1895, a special court sentenced Lee Jun-yong (grandson of prince regent Lee Heung-seon, better known as Daewongun) for conspiracy to murder, in the presence of An Yeong-su and Kim Ki-yong.
  • Q
    What major changes in investigation documentation later followed?
    A
    By the 1960s, the vertical line writing format was replaced by the horizontal line writing format for various depositions, suspect interrogation reports, arrest warrants, and prosecution or non-prosecution notices. Chinese characters on various documents were replaced by Korean characters as well. In the 1970s, typewriters were adopted for drafting official documents and word-processors were introduced to replace typewriters in the 1980s.
  • Q
    What have been the major historical changes with dress regulations?
    A
    During the Daehan Empire era, prosecutors wore a black robe with narrow sleeves and round orange collar, and a black cap similar to those worn by bridegrooms at wedding ceremonies. A red belt and long boots made of black deer skin were part of the uniform. During the Japanese occupation, prosecutors were required to wear their uniform and a sword while on duty. Later on, prosecutors wore jackets branded with paulownia flowers and tendril patterns and black caps with cloud patterns, similar to the robes of Japanese prosecutors. Prosecutors participated in court proceedings wearing ordinary civilian clothing for some time following the founding of the sovereign government of the Republic of Korea. By 1953, the government had adopted an official court uniform system. Simplified court attire was designed in reference to the judge's robes of the United States.
  • Q
    What was the structure of the Prosecution Service when the sovereign government of the Republic of Korea was established in August 15, 1948?
    A
    There were a total of 46 prosecutors' offices nationwide, including 2 high prosecutors' offices in Seoul and Daegu, 9 district prosecutors' offices, and 34 branch offices.